by Guest blogger: Jesse Hagopian
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Never in U.S. history have more students, parents, and teachers engaged in acts of resistance to standardized tests. During the 2015 testing season, over 620,000 public school students around the U.S. refused to take standardized exams, according to a report by the National Center for Fair & Open Testing (FairTest). Advocates for authentic assessments scored these five significant victories in 2015 against the “testocracy” and its test-and-punish model of education:
1) Obama puts testing rhetoric in reverse
President Obama announced in October that “unnecessary testing” is “consuming too much instructional time.” This announcement came as a surprise given Obama’s support for policies like Race to the Top that contributed to the proliferation of high-stakes testing. The reversal of rhetoric was a result of the mass opt-out movement and will surely embolden authentic-assessment activists in the coming year.
2) Seattle strikes a blow against VAMpire evaluations
Seattle educators waged a five-day strike to start the 2015 school year that was able to remove the so-called “student growth rating,” a form of value added modeling (VAM), from the contract. This stunning victory against the testocracy removed all standardized test scores from teacher evaluations.
3) An emergency exit for exit exams
In a repudiation of one of the central components of the testocracy’s agenda, policy makers repealed the California graduation test and relaxed Texas’ graduation testing requirements—joining some six other states that repealed or delayed these exams in the 2013-2014 school year. Arizona, California, Georgia, and South Carolina decided to grant diplomas retroactively to thousands of students denied them because of the exit exams.
4) Na na na na, na na na na, hey AYP, goodbye!
The new federal education law, the Every Students Succeeds Act, certainly doesn’t dethrone the testcoracy—maintaining the destructive requirement for testing in grades 3-8 and again in high school. However, ESSA does deposes one of the cruelest aspects of the test-and-punish policy under NCLB: the so-called “Adequate Yearly Progress” annual test score improvement requirement that labeled nearly every American school failing.
5) Action against the ACT/SAT
2015 was the best on record for the test-optional college admissions movement, with some three dozen more universities and colleges reducing or eliminating ACT or SAT requirements. According to FairTest, there are now more than 850 institutions of higher learning that have dropped this testing requirement.
Jesse Hagopian is a teacher and advisor to the Black Student Union at Seattle’s Garfield High School. Jesse is the editor of More Than a Score: The New Uprising Against High-Stakes Testing and an editor for Rethinking Schools magazine. He blogs at: www.IAmAnEducator.com.